In the area of the french occupation of Indochina, about 20.000 young men from Vietnam were sent by force to France - they should work as non-specialized workers (ouvriers non-spécialisés, O.N.S.) in the industry of the national defense. Those men - between 20 and 30 years old - were selected by force from the poor farmers.
I photographed the last survivors of the workers who decided to stay in France. At the end of their lives.
The question of the identity is the main focus in this work. How can one go through such a harsh story and look so peaceful and proud on the end of his life? .
LE BA DANG
THIEU VAN MUU
NGUYEN VAN KIEM
NGUYEN VAN LIEN
Credits // Alain Buffard / PI:ES Lille / Le Fresnoy, studio national des arts contemporains / Béatrice Nguyen Van Kiem / Joël Pham